National Register of Citizens for identification of Bangladeshi migrants

NRC updates its data to identify Bangladeshi migrants

National Register of Citizens for identification of Bangladeshi migrants

Why National Register of Citizens updated its data in Assam?

  • There has been political consensus in Assam that an updated National Register of Citizens, as mandated by the Supreme Court, will help identification of Bangladeshi migrants, who are staying illegally in Assam after the midnight of March 24, 1971, and their expulsion in accordance with the Assam Accord.

Is there any data available with regard to illegal migrants?

  • The actual number of illegal migrants in the State not known.

What about the women migrants?

  • The verification of the NRC for the subsequent draft will also decide on the applications from 29 lakh women, who have submitted certificates issued by Gaon (gram panchayat) secretaries and executive magistrates to support their claim of residency after migration post-marriage.
  • The Supreme Court allowed these documents after setting aside an order of the Gauhati High Court which declared these documents “invalid”.

How the verification process can be conducted?

  • The Supreme court, however, clarified: “The certificate issued by the G.P. secretary, by no means, is proof of citizenship. Such proof will come only if the link between the claimant and the legacy person (who has to be a citizen) is established.
  • The certificate has to be verified at two stages.
  1. authenticity of the certificate itself
  2. authenticity of the contents thereof
  • The latter process of verification is bound to be an exhaustive process in the course of which the source of information of the facts and all other details recorded in the certificate will be ascertained after giving an opportunity to the holder of the certificate.

Why opposition parties opposing certain section of the bill?

  • The publication of the first draft of the NRC came close on the heels of ruling coalition partner Asom Gana Parishad threatening to snap ties with the ruling BJP if the Centre pushed for passage of the Citizenship (Amendment) Bill, 2016 that seeks to grant citizenship to Hindu Bangladeshis, who have entered Assam illegally post-1971.
  • All Opposition parties, including the Congress and the All India United Democratic Front, and student and youth organisations have opposed identification of illegal migrants on the basis of religion.

National Register of Citizens (NRC)

  • The National Register of Citizens (NRC) is the register containing names of Indian CITIZENS.
  • The only time that a National Register of Citizens (NRC) was prepared was in 1951 when after the conduct of the Census of 1951, the NRC was prepared by recording particulars of all the persons enumerated during that Census.
  • The NRC will be now updated to include the names of those persons (or their descendants) who appear in the NRC, 1951, or in any of the Electoral Rolls up to the midnight of 24th March, 1971 or in any one of the other admissible documents issued up to midnight of 24th March, 1971, which would prove their presence in Assam or in any part of India on or before 24th March, 1971.
  • All the names appearing in the NRC, 1951, or any of the Electoral Rolls up to the midnight of 24th March 1971 together are called Legacy Data.
  • Thus, there will be two requirements for inclusion in updated NRC – 1.) existence of a person’s name in the pre-1971 period & 2.) proving linkage with that person.
  • The provisions governing NRC update in Assam are The Citizenship Act, 1955, and The Citizenship (Registration of Citizens and Issue of National Identity cards) Rules, 2003.
  • The modalities for NRC updation have been developed jointly by the Government of Assam and the Government of India in adherence to these statutes.